This post will show you how to host your domain on a VPS. This is an easy step-by-step tutorial that anyone can follow!
If you are looking for a way to host your domain on a VPS, this post will show you how. You might have heard about Virtual Private Servers or VPS, but do not understand what they are and how they work. This article will explain the basics of hosting domains on a VPS so that it is easier for you to decide if this is the right solution for your website hosting needs.
What is a VPS?
A Virtual Private Server (VPS) is an emulation of a computer. It acts as if it were its own physical machine, but in reality the "physical" server which hosts all these individual virtual servers can be several different computers that are part of one large server farm.
The VPS providers split up their servers into multiple virtual servers which can then be configured as needed. The provider does not need to purchase additional hardware when more VPS instances are created, but instead just uses the computing power that is already available on the server. The VPS instances run isolated from each other and may look and act like a real physical server from the user's perspective, although the users may not know whether they are using a virtual or a real server.
What does this mean for you? When you purchase a VPS, you're purchasing an entire machine to yourself. You get root-level access to that machine and can do anything you want with it (within reason). With this level of control comes the ability to host your own domain on your VPS.
What is a Root Account?
When you purchase a VPS, the physical server is divided up into several virtual servers (or instances). Each of these virtual servers is given its own root-level account and can be configured however the user wants within certain boundaries. The root account has full control over the server and can do anything that it wants without needing permission from anyone.
What is a Domain?
A domain name is nothing more than an address for your website. It's used to find your website quickly and easily just by typing in a few letters and hitting enter (or clicking the link). Your domain name should be very similar to your business's name to avoid any confusion for the people that are visiting your site.
What is a DNS?
DNS, which stands for Domain Name System, is responsible for translating human-readable website addresses into numerical IP addresses that the computer can understand. Your computer sends out a request to a DNS server with the URL of the site you want to visit (www.example.com, for example). The DNS server then returns the numerical IP address of the website (22.214.171.124, for example) and your computer connects to that address and displays the site on the screen.
What does this mean? Every time you type a URL into your browser and hit enter, your computer is sending a request to a DNS server and asking for the numerical IP address of example.com. This is called resolving the domain name.
What do I need? To host your own domain on a VPS, all you need is:
Step 1: Decide which provider to use (Vultr vs DigitalOcean vs Linode)
Step 2: Purchase the VPS and install the CentOS 7 image.
You can choose to use any Linux distribution, but we recommend using CentOS (CentOS is a free rebuild of Red Hat Enterprise Linux). If you're unsure, go with CentOS. It's open-source like Ubuntu and has a simple installation process.
Step 3: Log in to your VPS using PuTTY or SSH
You can also use the VPS's control panel to log in, but it's much faster and easier to do this from a terminal. If you need help setting up your SSH connection, check out our articles on PuTTy and how to set up SSH.
Step 4: Create a new user and set the password
We're going to create a new user with root privileges. This way, we can do all of our work as this one user without needing to switch users or overwrite any system files.
If you want to install WordPress then you should read how to install WordPress on VPS hosting?
Final Note -
If you're a larger business with security concerns, you should consider a VPS from a Tier-1 provider. These providers run their own datacenter and have control over the hardware for your instance. If there is ever an issue with the hardware or configuration of your server, they will fix it for you at any time. In addition to this, they'll fix any malicious attacks aimed at your server and will work with you to resolve the issue. These providers also offer 24/7 support, where as the other providers only list business hours on their website.