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Network infrastructure is a very vital part of any organization. Network architects have to figure out every factor regarding hardware and software within a network. This wiki will explain a small portion of the physical components needed to create a ne

Structured Cabling

Structured cabling shows us how to effectively deploy cabling to maximized performance. The standards are created by the TIA (Telecommunications Industry Association) and are known as TIA/EIA-568.

  • Patch Cables - Short cable with connectors on both ends ( 3-25 feet )

  • Horizontal - Connects workstations to the closest data room. ( max 100 feet )\

  • Backbone - Connects the MDF, IDF and entrance facility

Entrance Facility

The place an incoming network connects with the corporate network or school network. This room may be a small cabling on the side of a building to an equipment room, based on how large the network is. The most important piece of technology within an entrance facility is a demarcation point.This point determines where telecoms from the internet service providers end and the network from the organization starts. Anything beyond the demarcation point is the responsibility of the ISP.

Main Distribution Frame

This is the main connection hub for LAN’s or WAN’s within an organization. This is the racks that holds network equipment or it is the entire room that houses both racks and equipment. Connections can include ethernet cables going to work areas, IDFS connected by large cables in other buildings/floors and incoming connections from the ISP facilities. Main distribution frames may contain the demarcation point or an extension of the demarcation point.

Patch panels are panels of data receptors that can be found in the main distribution frame. It is a central point for patch cables when there are many going to the same location.

Intermediate Distribution Frame

The intermediate distribution frame allows for the end-user equipment on every floor in the building. Similarly to main distribution frames, intermediate distribution frames can also refer to the racks or entire rooms depending on the size of the network but unlike them, there can be more than one intermediate distribution frame within the internal parts of the network, TIA/EDF mandates at least one per floor. Intermediate distribution frames use star topology to connect to workstations

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